Obesity

Obesity : The Enemy Within

Generally Overeating & Sedentary life style, when combined result in obesity which further hosts lots of other serious life style disease. There are at least 60 known –associated comorbid medical conditions in adition to 12 different types of cancer .Obesity are clearly associated with diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, coronary heart disease, degenerative arthritis, gall bladder disease, urinary incontinence, gastroesophageal reflex, polycystic ovarian syndrome, infertility, sleep apnea and congestive heart failure. The incidence of these conditions rise steadily as body weight increases. Risk increases with even modest weight gain. Obesity is a serious and rising health epidemic in our country.

What is obesity?

Obesity is a condition associated with having an excess of body fat. Obesity is classified at having a body mass index of 30 or greater. BMI is a tool used to measure obesity

Obesity Prevalence

Obesity has been steadily increasing in countries all over the world. In 2013, according to the studies, the number of overweight and obese people globally increased form 8.75 million in 1980 to 2.1 billion in 2013,this is 1/3rd of the world population. The US topped the list with 13% of the obese people worldwide in 2013, while China and India together accounted for 15% of the world’s obese population with 46 million and 30 million obese people respectively. India is just behind US and China in the global hazard list of top ten countries with highest number of obese people. According to Obesity Foundation of India, 30 million Indians are obese and the number is predicted to double in the next few years. Punjab, Kerala and Goa are among the top three states with the most number of people overweight in India.

Environment

Environment plays a key role in shaping an individual’s habits and lifestyle. There are many environmental influences that can impact your health decisions. Today’s society has developed a more sedentary lifestyle. Walking has been replaced by driving cars, physical activity has been replaced by technology and nutrition has been overcome by convenience foods.

Causes of Obesity

There are many causes that directly and indirectly contribute to obesity. Behaviour, environment and genetics are among the main contributors to obesity. The Centres’ for Disease Control has identified these three as the main causes to the complexity of the obesity epidemic.

Behaviour

In today’s fast-paced environment, it is easy to adopt unhealthy behaviours. Behaviour, in the case of obesity, relates to food choices, amount of physical activity you get and the effort to maintain your health. Americans are consuming more calories on average than in past decades. The increase in calories has also decreased the nutrients consumed that are needed for a healthy diet. This behavioural problem also relates to the increase in portion sizes at home and when dining out. While Americans are consuming more calories, they are not expending them with enough physical activity. Physical activity is an important element in modifying and shaping behaviours. The influence of television, computers and other technologies discourage physical activity and add to the problem of obesity in our society.

Genetics

Science shows that genetics play a role in obesity. Genes can cause certain disorders which result in obesity. However, not all individuals who are predisposed to obesity become obese. Research is currently underway to determine which genes contribute most to obesity.